Collaborating and communicating: Humanities scholars working and talking together

Author: Maria Bonn

Abstract:  Among the academic truths that we generally hold to be self evident, are 1) the inherent value of collaboration and 2) humanists tend to be lone scholars, tucked away at their desks or in their carrels, surrounded by their books and papers, jealously guarding their intellectual expression until such a time as it can spring from their heads, fully formed, into the world. Like all truisms, these are open to dispute. Anyone who has tried managing projects undertaken by those with a diversity of personalities and perspectives, intellectual and otherwise, can quickly summon examples of the sometimes chaotic inefficiency of collaboration undermining the benefits afforded by that diversity. More positively, one can assert that those lone scholars in their studies are always working in collaboration, often across time and space, through the mediation of texts, rather than in team meetings and group conversations.

Citation: Bonn, M. (2017). Collaborating and communicating: Humanities scholars working and talking together. College & Research Libraries News, 78(4), 206-209. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5860/crln.78.4.9650

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Organization and Delivery of Scholarly Communications Services by Academic and Research Libraries in the United Kingdom: Observations from Across the Pond

Author: Christine Fruin

Abstract: The U.K. library community has implemented collaborative strategies in key scholarly communication areas such as open access mandate compliance, and U.S. librarians could benefit from learning in greater detail about the practices and experiences of U.K. libraries with respect to how they have organized scholarly communication services. METHODS In order to better understand the scholarly communication activities in U.K. academic and research libraries, and how U.S. libraries could apply that experience in the context of their own priorities, an environmental scan via a survey of U.K. research libraries and in-person interviews were conducted. RESULTS U.K. libraries concentrate their scholarly communication services on supporting compliance with open access mandates and in the development of new services that reflect libraries’ shifting role from information consumer to information producer. DISCUSSION Due to the difference in the requirements of open access mandates in the U.K. as compared to the U.S., scholarly communication services in the U.K. are more focused on supporting compliance efforts. U.S. libraries engage more actively in providing copyright education and consultation than U.K. libraries. Both U.K. and U.S. libraries have developed new services in the areas of research data management and library publishing. CONCLUSION There are three primary takeaways from the experience of U.K. scholarly communication practitioners for U.S. librarians: increase collaboration with offices of research, reconsider current organization and delegation of scholarly communication services, and increase involvement in legislative and policy-making activity in the U.S. with respect to access to research.

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La producción científica colombiana en SciELO: un análisis bibliométrico

Abstract: A bibliometric analysis of the Colombian scientific production indexed in SciELO Citation Index is presented. Some of the settled objectives are to determine the total production and the degree collaboration, to identify the most prolific Colombian universities as well as the main academic collaboration networks. The sample was integrated by 15302 documents published in twelve years.

A remarkable increase of the scientific production was found, with a global degree collaboration index of 0.75. It was found that the state universities are the most prolific ones, being the Universidad Nacional and the Universidad de Antioquia the first two producers. A growth of the international collaboration was detected, especially among Latin-American countries. Spain is the main academic collaborator of Colombia. It is shown a bias in pro of domestic journal publications. Health Sciences journals constitute the principal core of the Colombian scientific production.

Se presenta un análisis bibliométrico de la producción científica realizada en Colombia indexada en la base de datos SciELO Citation Index.
Algunos de los objetivos fueron determinar el volumen de la producción
y determinar el grado de colaboración, identificar las universidades colombianas más productivas y determinar cuáles son los pares
académicos en la investigación científica y tecnológica en Colombia. Se
analizaron 15 302 documentos publicados en doce años.

Se halló un notable incremento en la producción, con un grado de colaboración
global de 0,75. Las universidades públicas son las que más
publican, destacando la Universidad Nacional y la Universidad de Antioquia.
También se constató un aumento de la colaboración internacional,
especialmente con los países de la región latinoamericana. España
es el principal socio académico de Colombia.
Hay un sesgo en favor de las publicaciones realizadas en revistas nacionales.
Las Ciencias de la Salud se confirman como el mayor núcleo de la
producción científica en Colombia.

Maz-Machado, Alexander and Jiménez-Fanjul, Noelia Noemí and Villarraga-Rico, Miguel Ernesto. (2016). La producción científica colombiana en SciELO: un análisis bibliométrico. Revista Interamericana de Bibliotecología, vol. 39, n. 2, pp. 111-119.

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Academic Librarians as Knowledge Creators

Author: Donna Witek

Abstract: Despite support from national organizations like the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) and the American Association of University Professors (AAUP), pursuing research and scholarship remains a challenge for academic librarians, even when the literature connects these activities to greater effectiveness in the practice of academic librarianship. This essay examines the history and present state of the questions of faculty status and tenure for librarians, and relates these questions to that of performing scholarly research and creating and disseminating new knowledge as an academic librarian. It then offers as a case study my experience identifying and pursuing a research agenda in collaboration with a faculty colleague in another department at my institution, with the goal of both sharing what has worked for one academic librarian (n=1) while also critiquing the system within which that success has occurred. The essay concludes with a list of creative strategies academic librarians can put into practice to become successful knowledge creators in the field of library and information science.

Witek D. (2014). Academic Librarians as Knowledge Creators. The Journal of Creative Library Practice.

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The sum of it all: revealing collaboration patterns by combining authorship and acknowledgements

Authors: Adele Paul-Hus, Philippe Mongeon, Maxime Sainte-Marie, Vincent Lariviere

Abstract: Acknowledgments are one of many conventions by which researchers publicly bestow recognition towards individuals, organizations and institutions that contributed in some way to the work that led to publication. Combining data on both co-authors and acknowledged individuals, the present study analyses disciplinary differences in researchers credit attribution practices in collaborative context. Our results show that the important differences traditionally observed between disciplines in terms of team size are greatly reduced when acknowledgees are taken into account. Broadening the measurement of collaboration beyond co-authorship by including individuals credited in the acknowledgements allows for an assessment of collaboration practices and team work that might be closer to the reality of contemporary research, especially in the social sciences and humanities.

Citation: Adele Paul-Hus, Philippe Mongeon, Maxime Sainte-Marie, Vincent Lariviere. (2016). The sum of it all: revealing collaboration patterns by combining authorship and acknowledgements. Journal of Informetrics. doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.joi.2016.11.005

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