Reading in a post-textual era

Authors: Miha Kovač, Adriaan van der Weel

Abstract: This paper analyses major social shifts in reading by comparing publishing statistics with results of empirical research on reading. As media statistics suggest, the last five decades have seen two shifts: from textual to visual media, and with the advent of digital screens also from long-form to short-form texts. This was accompanied by new media-adequate reading modes: while long-form content invokes immersed and/or deep reading, we predominantly skim online social media. Empirical research on reading indicates that the reading substrate plays an important role in reading processes. For example, comprehension suffers when complex texts are read from screens. This paper argues that media and reading trends in recent decades indicate broader social and cultural changes in which long-form deep reading traditionally associated with the printed book will be marginalised by prevailing media trends and the reading modes they inspire. As these trends persist, it may be necessary to find new approaches to vocabulary and knowledge building.

Citation: Miha Kovač and Adriaan van der Weel (2018). Reading in a post-textual era. First Monday, Volume 23, Number 10. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5210/fm.v23i10.9416

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Source: First Monday

Supporting FAIR Data Principles with Fedora

Author: David Wilcox

Abstract: Making data findable, accessible, interoperable, and re-usable is an important but challenging goal. From an infrastructure perspective, repository technologies play a key role in supporting FAIR data principles. Fedora is a flexible, extensible, open source repository platform for managing, preserving, and providing access to digital content. Fedora is used in a wide variety of institutions including libraries, museums, archives, and government organizations. Fedora provides native linked data capabilities and a modular architecture based on well-documented APIs and ease of integration with existing applications. As both a project and a community, Fedora has been increasingly focused on research data management, making it well-suited to supporting FAIR data principles as a repository platform. Fedora provides strong support for persistent identifiers, both by minting HTTP URIs for each resource and by allowing any number of additional identifiers to be associated with resources as RDF properties. Fedora also supports rich metadata in any schema that can be indexed and disseminated using a variety of protocols and services. As a linked data server, Fedora allows resources to be semantically linked both within the repository and on the broader web. Along with these and other features supporting research data management, the Fedora community has been actively participating in related initiatives, most notably the Research Data Alliance. Fedora representatives participate in a number of interest and working groups focused on requirements and interoperability for research data repository platforms. This participation allows the Fedora project to both influence and be influenced by an international group of Research Data Alliance stakeholders. This paper will describe how Fedora supports FAIR data principles, both in terms of relevant features and community participation in related initiatives.

Citation: Wilcox, D., 2018. Supporting FAIR Data Principles with Fedora. LIBER Quarterly, 28(1), p.None. DOI: http://doi.org/10.18352/lq.10247

Source: LIBER Quarterly

Engaged Citizenship through Campus-Level Democratic Processes: A Librarian and Graduate Student Collaboration on Open Access Policy Adoption

Authors: Melissa Cantrell, Andrew Johnson

Abstract: While faculty votes to establish open access (OA) policies leverage one particular campus-level democratic mechanism in the name of advancing scholarly communication, other processes, including student government actions, can also play significant roles in OA policy adoption and related efforts. As early career researchers, graduate students are particularly well-poised to engage with campus-level democratic institutions in order to bring about change in scholarly communication. This case study details a multi-year collaboration between librarians and graduate students at the University of Colorado Boulder aimed at the development and adoption of a campus OA policy.

Citation: Cantrell, M. and Johnson, A., 2018. Engaged Citizenship through Campus-Level Democratic Processes: A Librarian and Graduate Student Collaboration on Open Access Policy Adoption. Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication, 6(2), p.eP2229. DOI: http://doi.org/10.7710/2162-3309.2229

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Source: Engaged Citizenship through Campus-Level Democratic Processes: A Librarian and Graduate Student Collaboration on Open Access Policy Adoption

The Privilege to Choose Global Perspectives | Reflecting Allowed

Author: Maha Bali
Abstract: Yes, we all need global perspectives. But…we also need local perspectives. Every global South scholar knows that all the global scholarship is enriching, but sometimes you need to focus local and construct local knowledge…which brings me to…Who has the privilege to choose to have global or local perspectives?

Citation: Bali, Maha. “The privilege to choose global perspectives.” Blog post. Reflecting Allowed. Oct. 31, 2018.

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Source: The Privilege to Choose Global Perspectives | Reflecting Allowed

The State of Open Data Report 2018

Authors: Digital Science, Mark Hahnel, Briony Fane, Jon Treadway, Grace Baynes, Ross Wilkinson, Barend Mons, Erik Schultes, Luiz Olavo Bonino da Silva Santos, Pavel Arefiev, Igor Osipov
Abstract: Figshare’s annual report, The State of Open Data 2018, looks at global attitudes towards open data. It includes survey results of researchers and a collection of articles from industry experts, as well as a foreword from Ross Wilkinson, Director, Global Strategy at Australian Research Data Commons. The report is the third in the series and the survey results continue to show encouraging progress that open data is becoming more embedded in the research community. The key finding is that open data has become more embedded in the research community – 64% of survey respondents reveal they made their data openly available in 2018. However, a surprising number of respondents (60%) had never heard of the FAIR principles, a guideline to enhance the reusability of academic data.
Citation:Science, D., Hahnel, M., Fane, B., Treadway, J., Baynes, G., Wilkinson, R., … Osipov, I.. (2018, October 22). The State of Open Data Report 2018 (Version 1). figshare. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.7195058.v1

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Source: The State of Open Data Report 2018

Open Science India Report

Authors: Arul Scaria, Shreyashi Ray

Abstract: This draft report summarises the major findings and recommendations from the open science project conducted at the Centre for Innovation, Intellectual Property and Competition (CIIPC), National Law University, Delhi.
Please send your comments/suggestions to: arul.scaria@nludelhi.ac.in or @openscience_in

Citation:Scaria, A. G., & Ray, S. (2018, September 24). Open Science India Report. https://doi.org/10.31219/osf.io/aj9gw

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Source : OSF Preprints

The University Cheikh Anta Diop of Dakar (UCAD) Science Shop “Xam-Xamu Niep Ngir Niep” (Knowledge of All for All)

Author: Dieyi Diouf

Abstract: Traditionally, universities in the North as well as in the Global South concentrated their activities on two main missions: Teaching and Research. A “third mission” of universities called “service to the community”, defined as its social responsibility to contribute to development, is now promoted to researchers [1] [2] [3]. Several studies have shown that scientific and local knowledge play an important role in the process of sustainable development by creating an operational interface between researchers, students and non-profit organizations [4] [5] [6]. In order to fully accomplish this mission for the benefit of local communities, researchers are getting involved in Science shops, which were established in the Netherlands in the 1970’s. Glen Millot [15] speaks of “third sectors” in reference to the role Science Shop plays. Indeed, Science shops are dynamic mediators of cooperation between communities, NGOs, citizens and researchers. Science Shos teams receive demands from civil society or organizations and helps translate them into research programs or scientific issues that students and researchers treat and make the results available to communities. This presentation will firstly focus on a definition of some useful concepts. Then, the second part will deal with the origin of Science Shops and their evolution before analyzing the process of setting up the UCAD Science Shop “Xam-xamu niep ngir niep” (Knowledge of all for all).

Citation:Diouf, D. (2017). The University Cheikh Anta Diop of Dakar (UCAD) Science Shop “Xam-Xamu Niep Ngir Niep” (Knowledge of All for All)Expanding Perspectives on Open Science: Communities, Cultures and Diversity in Concepts and Practices, L. Chan and F. Loizides (Eds.) 269-282. IOS Press. doi: 10.3233/978-1-61499-769-6-269

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Source : IOS Press

Dimensions of open research: critical reflections on openness in the ROER4D project

Authors: Thomas William King, Cheryl-Ann Hodgkinson-Williams, Michelle Willmers, Sukaina Walji

Abstract: Open Research has the potential to advance the scientific process by improving the transparency, rigour, scope and reach of research, but choosing to experiment with Open Research carries with it a set of ideological, legal, technical and operational considerations. Researchers, especially those in resource-constrained situations, may not be aware of the complex interrelations between these different domains of open practice, the additional resources required, or how Open Research can support traditional research practices. Using the Research on Open Educational Resources for Development (ROER4D) project as an example, this paper attempts to demonstrate the interrelation between ideological, legal, technical and operational openness; the resources that conducting Open Research requires; and the benefits of an iterative, strategic approach to one’s own Open Research practice. In this paper we discuss the value of a critical approach towards Open Research to ensure better coherence between ‘open’ ideology (embodied in strategic intention) and ‘open’ practice (the everyday operationalisation of open principles).

Citation:King, T., Hodgkinson-Williams, C., Willmers, M., & Walji, S. (2016). Dimensions of open research: critical reflections on openness in the ROER4D project. Open Praxis, 8(2), 81-91. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/openpraxis.8.2.285

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Source : Open Praxis

Inequality in Knowledge Production: The Integration of Academic Infrastructure by Big Publishers

Authors: Alejandro Posada, George Chen

Abstract: This paper attempts to illustrate the implications of a simultaneous redirection of the big publishers’ business strategy towards open access business models and the acquisition of scholarly infrastructure utilizing the conceptual framework of rent-seeking theory. To document such a transformation, we utilized financial databases to analyze the mergers and acquisitions of the top publicly traded academic publishers. We then performed a service analysis to situate the acquisitions of publishers within the knowledge and education life-cycles, illustrating what we term to be their vertical integration within their respective expansion target life-cycles. Implications of higher education institutions’ increased dependency towards the companies and increased influence by the companies on the institution and individual researcher were noted from the vertical integration of products. Said vertical integration is analyzed via a rent theory framework and described to be a form of rent-seeking complementary to the redirection of business strategies to open access. Finally, the vertical integration is noted to generate exclusionary effects upon researchers/institutions in the global south.

Citation:Alejandro Posada, George Chen. Inequality in Knowledge Production: The Integration of Academic Infrastructure by Big Publishers. Leslie Chan; Pierre Mounier. ELPUB 2018, Jun 2018, Toronto, Canada. <10.4000/proceedings.elpub.2018.30>.

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Source: Archive Ouverte HAL

Measuring Open Access Policy Compliance: Results of a Survey

Authors: Shannon Kipphut-Smith, Michael Boock, Kimberly Chapman, Michaela Willi Hooper

Abstract: In the last decade, a significant number of institutions have adopted open access (OA) policies. Many of those working with OA policies are tasked with measuring policy compliance. This article reports on a survey of Coalition of Open Access Policy Institutions (COAPI) members designed to better understand the methods currently used for measuring and communicating OA policy success.

This electronic survey was distributed to the COAPI member listserv, inviting both institutions who have passed an implemented policies and those who are still developing policies to participate. The results to a number of questions related to topics such as policy workflows, quantitative and qualitative measurement activities and related tools, and challenges showed a wide range of responses, which are shared here. It is clear that a number of COAPI members struggle with identifying what should be measured and what tools and methods are appropriate. The survey illustrates how each institution measures compliance differently, making it difficult to benchmark against peer institutions. As a result of this survey, we recommend that institutions working with OA policies be as transparent as possible about their data sources and methods when calculating deposit rates and other quantitative measures. It is hoped that this transparency will result in the development of a set of qualitative and quantitative best practices for assessing OA policies that standardizes assessment terminology and articulates why institutions may want to measure policies.

Citation: Kipphut-Smith, S. et al., (2018). Measuring Open Access Policy Compliance: Results of a Survey. Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication. 6(1), p.None. DOI: http://doi.org/10.7710/2162-3309.2247

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Source: Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication